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Four Seasons

The name comes from octo, meaning eight (March used to be the first month). The Romans tried to change it four times and named it after Germanicus, Antonius, Faustina and Herculeus. None of them stuck.

The leaves fall patiently
Nothing remembers or grieves
The river takes to the sea
The yellow drift of leaves.
— Sara Teasdale

October hath always one and twenty fine days. —Old English Proverb

Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday

1

St Therese of Lisieux

2

Guardian Angels

3

4

St Francis of Assisi, Fast of Ceres, Proerosia, Pyanepsia

5

Mikkelin Paiva (Michael's Day), Fiesta de Aqua, Blessing of the Animals

6

St Faith, Oschophoria

7

Jupiter Thunderbolt. Most Holy Rosary of Mary, Ss Sergius and Bacchus, Theseia

8

San Ernesto Guevara, Stenia

9

St Dennis, Yom Kippur

10

11

Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Medetrinalia

12

Blessing of the Animals, Thesmophoria begins

13

Fontanalia, Nesteia

14

Winter Night, Herb Day, Full Moon in Aries, Sukkot, Kalligeneia, God of Wealth

15

(World) Poetry Day, Heroines

16

Dictionary Day

17

Black Poetry Day, St Audrey

18

St Luke

19

20

21

St Ursula, Orionids Meteor Showers, Sh'mini Atzeret

22

Simchat Torah

23

24

Raphael the Archangel

25

St Crispin & St. Crispinian, St Isidore/Ochossi

26

St Demeter / St Demetrius

27

St Frumentius, Good Bear Day, Chalkeia

28

Czech Thanksgiving, Days of the Dead, Ss Simon and Jude, Day of the No, New Moon in Scorpio

29

Allan Day, St Ida of Leeuw, Delivering Winter Clothes

30

31

Halloween

Names of the Month in Various Cultures
In Anglo Saxon: Winter fyllith (winter begins at the time of the full moon during the 10th month,
probably the full moon of the 10th lunation).
Carolinigian: the vintage month
Welsh: Hydref, the month of cattle lowing
Scots Gaelic, An Damhair, the month of deer rutting
Irish: Deireadh Fomhair, end of autumn

From Blackburn, Bonnie & Leofranc Holford-Strevens, Oxford Companion to the Year, Oxford University Press 1999
Kightly, Charles,
The Perpetual Almanack of Folklore, Thames & Hudson 1987

Names of the Month to the Northern Tribes
Aleuts: Hunting month
Koryak: Rutting season of mountain sheep
Yukahir: Rutting time of the wild reindeer
Ugric Osniaks: Naked tree month
Ostiaks: Month in which the willow loses its foliage
Tatars; Little cold month
Buriats: Milk moon
Samoyeds: Month of the short days, Dark month
Eskimos: Time for setting seal nets
Lower Yukon delta: Time for shedding velvet
South of Yukon delta: Flying away (migration of the birds)
Konyag: Hoarfrost covers the grass
Tlinkit: Big moon (because bears get fat)

Nilsson, Martin P, Primitive Time-Reckoning, Oxford University Press 1920

Names of the Month of the European Peoples
Albania: Second autumn month
Basque: Gathering month
Lithuania: Autumn month
Bulgaria: Leaf-fall, gathering of the maize
Ruthenia: The yellow month
Slovakia: Time when the goat ruts
Czechoslovakia: Month of the lowing
Serbia: Vine month
Russia: Dirt month
Germany: Autumn month, first winter month, sowing month, slaughtering month, leaf-fall
Iceland: Slaughtering month
Norway: Vine tide
Denmark: Riding month

Nilsson, Martin P, Primitive Time-Reckoning, Oxford University Press 1920


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