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July is under the protection of Jupiter
Formerly Quintilis (the fifth month since the year began in March), it was named after Julius Caesar.


The air without has taken fever;
Fast I feel the beating of its pulse.
The leaves are twisted on the maple,
In the corn the autumn’s premature;
The weary butterfly hangs waiting
For a breath to waft him thither at
The touch, but falls, like truth unheeded,
Into dust-blown grass and hollyhocks.

The air without is blinding dusty;
Cool I feel the breezes blow; I see
The Sunlight, crowded on the porch, grow
Smaller till absorbed in shadow; and
The far blue hills are changed to gray, and
Twilight lingers in the woods between;
And now I hear the shower dancing
In the cornfield and on the thirsty grass.
Alexander L Posey

Welsh Gorfennaf, the month of completion, or the end of summer
Gaelic: an mios buidhe, the golden month
Scots Gaelic: an t-Iuchar, the warmest part of the year
Anglo-Saxon, Litha, the month of midsummer

Blackburn, Bonnie and Leofranc Holford-Strevens, Oxford Companion to the Year, Oxford University Press 1999
Kightly, Charles,
The Perpetual Almanack of Folklore, Thames & Hudson 1987

In Holland, hay month
In Macedonia, threshing-floor month
In Czechoslovakia: linden month
In Bulgaria, the hot month
In Germany, hay month, dog month, the first August (or harvest month)
In Anglo-Saxon, mead month
In Sweden, the rotten month (the sultry weather of the dog days causes meat to spoil)

Nilsson, Martin P, Primitive Time-Reckoning, Oxford University Press 1920

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